Porcelain is part of a broader category of construction materials named ceramic.
The term refers to products derived from a mix of purest natural materials such as clays, sands, quartz, kaolin and feldspar. Porcelain, like ceramic, is made without the addition of any resin, glue or cement.
Compared to classic ceramic tiles, porcelain is denser and therefore less porous, making it more durable and better suited for heavy usage (both commercial and residential).
After proper treatment, these mixes are molded with no resin or added adhesives into a desired shape, pressed at more than 500kg per cm2 and then fired at temperatures up to 2500° F in industrial kilns.
This firing allows porcelain to achieve the suitable vitrification of the mix that makes the product totally unabsorbent (less than 0.5% absorption rate), resistant to abrasion, frost and acid proof and extremely durable.
Porcelain products come in various sizes and can be used to cover floors and walls.
Thanks to today’s technology, the porcelain market is seeing sizes that range from mosaics, which surfaces measure approximately 1 sqft, to tiles with sides larger than 10 ft. The thickness of porcelain products ranges from about 1/8 in. for some small wall-covering tiles, to ¾ in. in case of porcelain pavers suitable for outdoor projects.
Porcelain is obtained through the various combination of many raw materials, for the purpose of obtaining products with pre-defined properties. Consider any color, any chromatic texture, design or décor you have in mind: with porcelain technology you can get it.
The palette of colors obtainable with porcelain glazes is indeed infinite. Furthermore, any shade can be executed in different textures (glossy, anti-slip, matt, satin, etc…).
If we consider other construction materials used for floors and walls, they have technical and esthetical characteristics that are highly defined by the nature of those materials and their composition.
This can lead architects and designers to look for compromises when researching the perfect material for their projects.
Natural wood, even with its natural veins and pleasant tactile sensation, might not be suitable for particularly humid places such as bathrooms and spas; natural stone, a material more porous than porcelain, could easily get dirty and be subject to permanent stains that are impossible to clean; real marble, while being an extremely precious and aesthetically pleasing material, could break and be particularly hard to replace.
These are just three of many cases in which porcelain comes into place to address these concerns and allow architects and designers to utilize a construction material the meets the aesthetic expectations without compromising on technical functions which are essential in any residential and commercial project.
Landmark Ceramics’ continuous commitment in research and product development ensures the ability to always provide customers with a wide choice in terms of looks, sizes and finishes, suitable for any kind of residential and commercial project, weather indoor or outdoor.
From a realistic wood or stone look to a beautiful and researched marble or travertine effect, porcelain products offer an infinite range of looks that meet the highest technical standard of today’s market.